Periodental treatment Toronto & Markham

Periodontal (gum) disease (periodontitis,) is a progressive disease that if left untreated will result in tooth loss. Gum disease begins with the inflammation of the gingival tissues which support the teeth. The cause of this inflammation is the toxins found in plaque that cause bacterial infection.

The bacteria in plaque colonize in between the teeth and the gums. If treated promptly by a periodontist, the effects of inflammation (gingivitis) are completely reversible. But, if the bacterial infection progress, periodontal disease begins to destroy the gums and the jaw bone and promoting tooth loss. Sometimes bacteria from periodontal infections can travel to other areas of the body via the bloodstream and cause a systemic infection which is a very life threatening condition.
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Here are some of the most common causes of gum disease :

Poor dental hygiene

Preventing dental disease depends on good oral hygiene at home and a good diet.  Prevention also includes regular dental visits which include exams and professional cleanings.

Tobacco use

smoking and tobacco use is one of the most significant factors in the development of gum disease. Smokers are more likely to develop calculus (tartar) build up on teeth, deep pockets in the gingival tissue and bone loss.

Genetic predisposition

30% of the population may have a strong genetic predisposition to gum disease.  These individuals are six times more likely to develop periodontal disease than individuals with no genetic predisposition.  

Pregnancy and menopause

Hormonal changes can cause the gum tissue to become more sensitive and susceptible to gum disease.

Chronic stress and poor diet

Poor diet and stress can also lower the body’s ability to fight periodontal infections, as well as negatively affecting the health of the gums.

Diabetes and underlying medical issues

Many medical conditions can accelerate the onset of gum disease like respiratory disease, heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis and diabetes.

Grinding teeth /Special Medication

Both may weaken the support of the gum around the tooth.

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Treatment of Gum Disease
A periodontist can perform effective cleaning procedures in deep pockets such as scaling and root planing, and also prescribe antibiotic and antifungal medications to treat infection. In the case of tooth loss, the periodontist would perform tissue grafts to promote natural tissue regeneration.